An analysis of the existence of a deity by descartes

Since the ontological argument ultimately reduces to an axiom, the source of an objection according to Descartes' diagnosis is the failure of the objector to perceive this axiom clearly and distinctly.

Descartes third meditation

But this is not the case. The perfections which I attribute to God do not exist in me potentially. Proof of God's Existence With those preliminary theses at hand, Descartes dives into examining the philosophical possibility of God's existence in his Third Meditation. So, likewise, we are able to attain knowledge of God's existence simply by apprehending that necessary existence is included in the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being. Correct judgments must be built upon clear and distinct perceptions because those perceptions truth is guaranteed by God who is no deceiver. Descartes does not conceive the ontological argument on the model of an Euclidean or axiomatic proof, in which theorems are derived from epistemically prior axioms and definitions. Having formed this perception, one need only intuit that necessary existence is itself a perfection. Given our earlier discussion concerning the non-logical status of the ontological argument, it may seem surprising that Descartes would take objections to it seriously. When the meditator first proved God's existence in the Third Meditation, she also established that God is supremely good and hence no deceiver. Descartes responds to this criticism as follows: [7] For as far as our concepts are concerned there is no impossibility in the nature of God; on the contrary, all the attributes which we include in the concept of the divine nature are so interconnected that it seems to us to be self-contradictory that any one of them should not belong to God AT ; CSM This result appears to wreak havoc on Descartes' ontological argument. Nolan, Lawrence,

It was later developed by Islamic thinkers such as Avicenna. So how are we to understand the claim that a finite substance is merely rationally distinct from its possible existence?

descartes argument for the existence of the material world

It is not obvious of course that existence is not a predicate. So, likewise, we are able to attain knowledge of God's existence simply by apprehending that necessary existence is included in the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being.

Looking back at the problematic passage cited above from the Fifth Replies, it becomes clear that Descartes intended something along these lines even there.

descartes quotes about god

There are three grades of objective reality, precisely mirroring the three grades of formal reality. It is important to realise that Descartes is not saying that the material world does not exist, but that its existence is radically unlike that of the mind.

In fact, Descartes conclusion is a general rule in Gods creation. Descartes examines his thoughts again to discover which are components of judgment, narrowing his ideas into three types: innate, adventitious coming from the outside and fictional produced internally.

Descartes causal argument

Finally, modes have modal formal reality. Kenny, Anthony, The problem arises when he attempts to clearly and distinctly understand truths of arithmetic and geometry. These first three philosophers undeniably believe God exists. He believed that the existence of God could be proved via reason. These efforts are not always obvious, however. First, I will explain why Descartes ask the question, does god exist? The paper will also show that if a God does exist that God can in fact be an evil deceiver

The primary interest of his theory for our purposes, however, is that it led to a lively debate among his successors both as to how to interpret the master and about the true nature of the relation between essence and existence in created things. In the first instance one is attending to the existence that is contained on every clear and distinct idea, and in the other instance one is ignoring the thing's existence without actively excluding it.

We have seen how Descartes responds to it, but it is related to another objection that has come to be associated with Leibniz.

Next, I will debate some of Descartes premises.

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René Descartes' "Proofs of God's Existence"