An analysis of the fear of difference in isaac asimovs second foundation

foundation series

In the broad strokes that compose the Foundation universe, this means, for example, that when two Second Foundationers have a conversation, they barely speak — instead, they can communicate whole paragraphs simply by raising an eyebrow, or quirking their mouths, or lifting a finger just so.

The authors attempted to bring some of Asimov's genius to the table but were unable to convey their ideas in the gloriously simple and direct fashion that Asimov could. Psychohistory Was Hari Seldon pulling our leg?

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He performed both tasks with quiet determination. Actually, Psychohistory predicts only probabilities. For the temporality of narrative, and especially of narrative suspense, is normally linked to the chronology of the individual human lifetime; and suspense is usually extinguished with the death of the ego. You will find in your own case, for instance, that your mathematics will be checked rigorously by five different boards; and that you will be required to defend it against a concerted and merciless attack. The First Speaker touched the keys of the small console built into the arm of his chair. Via Joan and Voltaire, Hari allies with the mesh aliens. To tell you the truth, Speaker, I have not done it for a long time myself. Dreams that reached ahead, across a thousand years of social collapse — past an age of suffering and violence — to a new human fruition. The First Speaker said, "You have studied mental science hard and well for most of your life. It would, I think, be difficult to name another fictional work in which a mere futurological scheme or, indeed, a cognitive plan of any sort is so successfully made into the object of such powerful readerly investment. But she could totally pass for seventeen and a half in the illustration. Even the Mule—who emerges in the second volume both as the most vividly portrayed human psyche in the entire trilogy and also as the deadliest antagonist of the Seldon Plan—is, for most readers, a less compelling and even less sympathetic force than the Plan itself.

The Seldon Plan is neither complete nor correct. Let this be so for both of us.

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Obviously, this is by design, but it's not even that Han Pritcher doubts his loyalty to the Mule — he's doubting his capacity to doubt his loyalty to the Mule. They clung, like the relentless blanket that Hari's nurse kept straightening across his legs, though it was a warm day in the Imperial Gardens.

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Yet there is no evidence that Asimov ever attained any scholarly acquaintance with the writings of Marx or Freud; and such evidence is least of all to be found in the concept of psychohistory offered by the Foundation trilogy itself. He rules as First Citizen from the planet Kalgan. So we're left with a lot of slow, bureaucratic scenes on Tazenda's client planet Rossem, and it's hard to shake the notion that this is all pointless. Mentally, he reached out to the chaos, so vibrant and undisciplined. You have absorbed all your teachers could give you. Asimov used the analogy of a gas, where whilst the motion of a single molecule is very difficult to predict, the mass behavior of the gas can be predicted to a high level of accuracy. The second book is the best in this series, but I don't think it was worth reading the whole series, unless you're just really curious which I was. The only thing I can say in its defense as a story is that mild spoiler here the Rube Goldberg—ness makes sense, since everything boils down to a Second Foundation plan to draw out the Mule and nullify the threat he poses. Its total absence of straight lines seemed perverse, a riot of greenery that defied any effort to decipher or decode.

I have so many, before I die.

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Foundation's Fear