Community profile

Photo: Janet Haresnape Can you suggest why delayed first birth is beneficial to the health of both the mother and the baby? Lack of space and high cost were among the reasons stated for not having a latrine.

For example, as a health professional, you are at risk of infection if you do not practise infection prevention techniques such as regular handwashing with soap, and using surgical gloves when dressing an infected wound or delivering a baby. The researcher developed and used structured questionnaires to collect information.

Some occupations have direct impacts on health.

advantages and disadvantages of community profiling

Other relevant characteristics include occupation, family size, housing, ethnicity, language and religion. Summary of Study Session 11 In Study Session 11, you have learned that: The purpose of developing your community profile is to collect baseline data on health and health-related problems in your community, which helps you in the planning, implementation and evaluation of your health programmes.

But what they learn during this initial community profile will provide them with an entry point so that they know where to look, who to talk to and what approach to use during the rest of their work.

Community profile

By collecting health service data on coverage you will be better able to understand: Do those individuals with healthcare needs get the necessary health interventions? What is the gender composition and age structure of the community? If a data classification has been revised between Censuses, data will be output on the classification that has been used in the Census. Can you think of any other reasons why knowing household size could be useful in organising the provision of healthcare? How do people cope with shocks? Case study You may also have thought of health education programmes focused on educating men about the dangers of alcohol abuse or cigarette smoking, since these activities are rare among rural women. Is it their age, their gender, their social circumstances, etc.? If a household is overcrowded too many people living in a small space , there is a greater risk of transmission of diarrhoeal and respiratory diseases through lack of hygiene, and close contact with anyone who is coughing or sneezing. The data is based on place of usual residence that is, where people usually live, rather than where they were counted on Census night. Lack of space and high cost were among the reasons stated for not having a latrine. Self-Assessment Questions SAQs for Study Session 11 Now that you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions. These characteristics include births, deaths, age, income, education and gender.

Adapted from Admassu, M. What rules, regulations and customs are in place? All of these types of epidemiological data are useful for developing your community profile. Who has access to these services? For example, knowledge of how local people think tuberculosis, HIV, sexually transmitted infections and diarrhoeal diseases are spread in the community will help you to focus your health education interventions on the areas of greatest ignorance or need.

Proximal community profile

What different types of health services are being sought by people in your community? Resources What are the main natural resources available to the community? Some of the demographic data that you will collect and report in a community profile for the health system include the following. The profile does not need to be "definitive" - the mission does not need to know everything about the community in which it is working. What do we mean by community? What specific health services are offered to the community and where are the gaps in services? Using this type of classification, which age range data do you need at Health Post level to plan for immunization programmes to protect against vaccine-preventable diseases such as tuberculosis, measles and polio? Community structure How many people and households live in the community? Some tables include comparisons with non-Indigenous people. These characteristics include births, deaths, age, income, education and gender. The study was able to indicate the condition of environmental sanitation in Gondar town mainly in relation to water supply, housing, sanitation and hygienic practices. Are the barriers mainly financial problems that prevent access to services, or is there a shortage of trained personnel, drugs or equipment? The Time Series Profile data is based on place of usual residence that is, where people usually live, rather than where they were counted on Census night.

When using the content you must attribute us The Open University the OU and any identified author in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Licence. Also, those with a good income can afford to seek health services if they are ill; poor families may not be able to afford the costs of transport to the health centre, or the charges for drugs or items such as surgical gloves.

rural community profile introduction
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Community Profiles