Regardless of the system of classification, the fact remains, colonial actions produced varied outcomes which continue to be relevant.
In the s a second and larger wave developed from eastern and southern Europe; between and some 17 million Europeans entered the United States. InCongress enacted legislation requiring immigrants over 16 to pass a literacy test, and in the early s immigration quotas were established.
Miles of Northeastern Universityargues that this perfunctory division of the entire continent created expansive ungoverned borderlands.
For example, Duisburg grew from 8, in to overin — and bya string of boomtowns in the Ruhr area contained nearly 2 million inhabitants, who produced about half the coal and one-third of the pig iron and steel of the German Empire.
Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson argue, "institutions [established by colonials] did not introduce much protection for private property, nor did they provide checks and balances against government expropriation. Morel believed the Belgian system that eliminated traditional, commercial markets in favor of pure exploitation was the root cause of the injustice in the Congo.
It also produced manufacturing villages that attracted and retained newcomers, while reducing the geographic and economic divisions between town and country.
The promise of higher wages meant that many turned to North America in the early years of the 20th century, as Italy went through its most significant phase of emigration in the country's modern history with nearly nine million departing between and the First World War.
Visit Website Did you know? However, it failed to reach anywhere near the peak of half a century earlier.
Belgian rule reinforced the difference between Tutsi and Hutu.