Related literature of peer pressure
Peer influence on academic performance rrl
What leads to negative peer groups? Hartup Eds. However, it can also be unspoken, for example when members of a group have similar hairstyles or wear similar clothes. Chi-square was used in the testing of hypothesis posited. This can have an impact on the child's behavior, eating habits, play time, sleeping patterns, social and emotional development. If a parent finds out that their teen is engaging in unacceptable behaviour with their friends, the adult should be direct in addressing the issue and make their expectations clear. Nicole, An integrative theory of intergroup Conflict, The social psychology of intergroup relations. Negative peer pressure cannot be avoided always and it may be a fact of life through childhood, adolescence, even into adulthood. Turning into adolescents, children get more involved with their peers and peer identification becomes more attractive. For example, a student with deprived relationship concerns will be less able to participate in classroom learning opportunities.
Especially for younger teenagers, who may tend to worry more about being different from their peers, it may be helpful to emphasize that four out of five eighth graders have never been drunk, and even those who have, do not drink regularly. Best friends have been found to be similar in regards to frequency of cutting class and time spent on homework.
Eccles, J. Castrogiovanni cited the following: the opportunity to learn how to interact with others; support in defining identity, interests, Abilities, and personality; Autonomy without control of adults and parents; Opportunities for witnessing the strategies others use to cope with similar problems, and for observing how effective they are; involved emotional support and; Building and maintaining friendships.
Other limitation of the study is: inability of the researcher to cover the entire population of the study, money, time and distance.
It is therefore, recommended that, Teachers and other education practitioners and those in related professional training, need to have knowledge of the effects of peer group pressure and understanding of the issues surrounding negative peer influence to prevent negative peer group influence and be more adequately prepared to help a teenager facing negative aspects of peer pressure.
The effects of peer pressure on academic performance thesis
High value results in resistance to change, and low value results in receptiveness to change Ryan, The bottom line is that it is of utmost importance for parents to be tolerant, patient, and show unconditional love during the teen years, and to realize that adolescence is not terminal, it just feels like it Peer Group Motivation, Engagement, and Academic Performance Another important aspect of adolescent peer groups is motivation. Gay points out that correlation research attempts to determine whether, and to what degree, a relationship exists between two or more quantifiable variables. In addition, friends were similar regarding college aspirations. As late adolescents are more confident in their own identities, they are better able to make decisions independent of their peers. This false sense that all teens drink can lead teens to feel that they have to drink to fit in. Peer influence can, in fact, keep youth participating in religious activities, going to meetings, and playing on sports teams, even when they are not leaders Lingren,
To become greater, or stronger than, to transcend the reach, and capacity Reliable Able to be trusted to do or provide what is needed, able to be relied on Perception The organization, identification and identification of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment Inclined Wanting to do something, having an interest or in a talent for something, having a slope.
The research work also focuses on how peer group influence relates to academic performance of adolescent students, socialization, and other areas of concern to education-related professionals.
Related literature of peer pressure
For example, relative to low expectancy students, teachers demonstrate a positive bias in evaluating the work of high expectancy students Jussim,; Jussim et al. The survey asked the child to strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statement: "My friends make fun of people who try to do well in school. The peer group is the first social group outside the home in which the child attempts to gain acceptance and recognition. Similarly, social exchange theory Kelley and Thibaut argues that friendships and group membership requires fair exchanges reciprocity , leading to conformity of behaviour between friends and group members. Goethe found out that weak students do better when grouped with other weak students. If parents have a busy schedule and cannot be physically present, they should still make their presence felt in the home through phone calls, personal notes, or other forms of communication. At this early age children can do things only because they see other kids doing it or they tell them to. Many adults have the perception that peer pressure is just one culture or dangerous influence unified into a single front, but this is inaccurate, because teenagers' peer relationships are multiple and adolescents confront various peer cultures with different norms and value systems. In summary, varied theories agree that the values and attitudes of the peer group are essential elements in motivation and learning. Wentzel and Caldwell ; Wentzel, , conducted a similar line of research on peer relationships and academic performance, but focused on the middle the limited research on younger children, it seemed reasonable to on adolescents in this review. What makes learning comparative is the fact that the child has equal status with the other children. Teachers expect that students will behave in a certain way that is consistent with their peer group affiliation and consequently make no attempt to intervene with the structure. Hartup Eds. Brophy, ; provide more challenging instruction Brophy, ; Jussim, , and interact in ways that are warmer and more accepting Babad, The basic premise is that people of all ages seek inclusion and avoid exclusion.
Terry R. However, it can also be unspoken, for example when members of a group have similar hairstyles or wear similar clothes. According to Nocole, effort may be diluted when adults use stereotypical images to either excuse or blame students on social identity categories and crowds to which they belong.
However, peer pressure can also be positive. Peer influence can, in fact, keep youth participating in religious activities, going to meetings, and playing on sports teams, even when they are not leaders Lingren,
Related literature about peer influence on academic performance
Primary socialization theory: The etiology of drug use and deviance. An additional drawback in the eyes of Alderman is ability tracking. Similarly, social exchange theory Kelley and Thibaut argues that friendships and group membership requires fair exchanges reciprocity , leading to conformity of behaviour between friends and group members. Norms also figure prominently in the literature on persuasion and social marketing Hastings and Saren Goethe found out that weak students do better when grouped with other weak students. Presentation Paper Unpublished. Peer Group: Refers to a group of people of same age or social status. When a teen who takes an unpopular stand and goes against the expectations or norms of the peer group, he or she is at risk for being ridiculed. Social networks and social influences in adolescence. Other limitation of the study is: inability of the researcher to cover the entire population of the study, money, time and distance. It's not who you know, its how you know them: Who exchanges what with whom?
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