Summary 101 essential philosophers

Middle Eastern philosophy See also: Islamic philosophy and Middle Eastern philosophy The regions of the fertile CrescentIran and Arabia are home to the earliest known philosophical Wisdom literature and is today mostly dominated by Islamic culture. The work of Aristotle was very influential among the falsafa such as al-Kindi 9th centuryAvicenna — June and Averroes 12th century.

Executed by popular demand. Taught Alexander the Great.

philosophy 101 textbook pdf

The Ancient era was dominated by Greek philosophical schools which arose out of the various pupils of Socrates, such as Platowho founded the Platonic Academy and his student Aristotle[37] founding the Peripatetic schoolwho were both extremely influential in Western tradition.

Glossary of Basic Philosophy Terms To be a really great or even fair-to-middling philosopher, you need to understand some of the lingo of philosophy.

Introduction to philosophy

Was really intrigued with St. What is the good in life? In Iran several schools of Islamic philosophy continued to flourish after the Golden Age and include currents such as Illuminationist philosophy , Sufi philosophy , and Transcendent theosophy. Wisdom: Practical insight for living. Questions that Philosophy Raises The problems posed by the great philosophers can enhance your experience of the world. Aesthetics: The study of beauty, ugliness, and maybe even the sublime. Philosophical progress Many philosophical debates that began in ancient times are still debated today.

Socrates: Did philosophy using The Socratic Method duh. Do we survive death? Ethics has lots of sub-areas, including: Business ethics: What is it okay to do?

Ethics: The study of good and evil, right and wrong, rules and virtues, character and vice, success and happiness.

Philosophy 101 reading list

Plato: Hung around with Socrates. A broad and impartial conception of philosophy then, finds a reasoned inquiry into such matters as reality, morality and life in all world civilizations. Metaphysical philosophy has birthed formal sciences such as logic, mathematics and philosophy of science, but still includes epistemology, cosmology and others. Are we actually free, as we seem to be, or are we just robots programmed by nature or God? Jewish philosophy and Christian philosophy are religio-philosophical traditions that developed both in the Middle East and in Europe, which both share certain early Judaic texts mainly the Tanakh and monotheistic beliefs. Some key Medieval thinkers include St. Techno ethics: Why is it okay to tap a phone?

There were numerous schools, sub-schools and traditions of Buddhist philosophy in India. The Jain thought separates matter from the soul completely.

philosophy for beginners
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The Basics of Philosophy: A huge subject broken down into manageable chunks