This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Center for Rural Studies, Mussoorie, India. Data Collection Method The data collection was done with the help of study assistants, who belonged to the tribal community, but not the study villages.
Northeast African Studies, 8, Scarcity of water for agriculture, reduces crop diversity and agricultural output, thus reduces income which in turn leads to secondary health impacts, such as malnutrition and reduced cognitive function in children [ 2 ].
A systematic sampling technique was used to select sample micro-watersheds, and random sampling method was used to select individual households from both intervention and non-intervention areas. Therefore, this study recommends that the stake-holders should make appropriate correction measures for observed failures and further interdisciplinary study should be conducted to explore the problems.
The head of each household in all villages was interviewed using a questionnaire covering various public health aspects relevant to the villages. Operational Definitions For the study, water scarcity was defined as a perceived lack of water for daily needs.
The area receives approximately mm of rainfall per annum, mainly in the rainy season [ 18 ]. Interventions to improve crop cultivation, grow fruit orchards and pasture development were also undertaken.
These various aspect of an IWMP are directly and indirectly linked to health and therefore it is interesting to explore the impact of an IWMP on public health, particularly because comprehensive and scientific information on the linkages between public health and watershed management are poorly integrated [ 1314 ].
Further, a qualitative study done by our research group, suggests that IWMP was perceived by the tribal people as a measure that empowered them and improved their health and socio-economic condition [ 16 ]. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, Public-Private Partnerships, Addis Ababa.