Working mothers perform a dual role

Womens dual role in society

In families where both the mother and father are equally involved in child rearing, the woman is able to experience less guilt and more satisfaction while being a working mother. In society, womanhood continues to be described from an essentially male viewpoint. C Meditation:- Deep breathing, meditation and prayer are the most powerful tools to overcome stress. All the participants indicated that spending quality time with their children made them feel that they were meeting their children's needs and that they were successful in balancing their roles. At the same time, work is important as it provides financial stability and assistance to the family. They attributed a definite relation between family responsibilities and gender to academic productivity. This theory focuses on the psychological processes that enable a person to order and understand events in her or his life. A woman may keep a job just to keep the home fi res burning, while another may fight against all odds to pursue her career. An employer who has a larger number of female employees is likely to be more proactive in providing child care and nursing facilities at the workplace for the working mother. Breastfeeding duration rates among professionally employed mothers can only be improved if negative attitudes about maternal bodies and employment are challenged and if employers, as well as mothers, are the focus of health initiatives aimed at promoting breastfeeding Gattrell, Personality theories: Basic assumptions, research, and applications. Health Soc Care Community. As a working mother, she is independent and empowered, especially if she is from a low socio-economic background. A report by Ferri and Smith indicated that the more mothers were involved in work outside the home, the more fathers shared equally in child-care and household work.

This infers that Kelly's repertory grid technique has been proved to be reliable and valid as a qualitative research method. A considerable degree of gender segregation in parenting roles does, however, remain. Many women themselves put a premium on being a good mother at the cost of their work or career.

As far as could be established from the available literature reviewed, there are limited data regarding the experiences of self-employed women in high-level occupations in South Africa.

multiple roles of a woman

Quoted constructs: 'No domestic helper; do as much as possible yourself with your children. Abstract Motherhood confers upon a woman the responsibility of raising a child.

Role of working mother essay

Can a working mother do justice to both her work and her motherhood? The working mother has to keep the convincing stance that she is working not just for her own sustenance, but also for the betterment of the family. For the construct elicitation, each participant was required to compare various combinations of three elements from those identified in the interview process. She should give first priority to her children, who need full attention and time during their growing years. Working mothers put aside quality time to spend with their family and can contribute to a more cheerful and positive family environment. It will not only create a positive environment but also will improve her family life. If she makes a mistake, she feels bad but accepts it and moves forward. Part-time work at the office and working from home may also help ease the stress. If mothers are not able to spend time with their children, they normally experience stress. Identified themes for Participant Three Planned family activities: Organised family activities are construed as a normal responsibility of a mother. Moen put forward three dimensions to time spent with children, viz. Quoted constructs: 'Norm; expected of her as a mother; less stressful if in her own time.

The participants placed an emphasis on wanting to separate work and family responsibilities and, when they did so successfully, felt that there was a more holistic approach to life.

It is also easier for her to be part of a family event, as the consequence or feeling of guilt when she is absent is not as great as when she misses an individually planned event.

working mother definition

I feel that, while these women were fulfilling dual roles and continued to strive for coping mechanisms to fulfil both roles effectively, the emphasis on the family as a priority remained.

Voydanoff Ed. Laughing, smiling and giggling can help relieve some tension. Quoted constructs: 'Self-satisfaction; "fuzzy" feeling; no guilt; success. Work schedules, work orientation, marriage, children and spouse could all produce pressure to participate extensively in work or in family roles.

Working mothers perform a dual role

Newton Eds. The rewards are many, including personal benefits, financial rewards, and improved family life. Balance between work and life All the participants referred to the effective balancing of their dual roles in order to be able to tend to their children's needs and to spend quality time with them or the family unit. In families where both the mother and father are equally involved in child rearing, the woman is able to experience less guilt and more satisfaction while being a working mother. Studies often cite early return to work as one of the reasons for premature termination of breastfeeding. A working mother, especially the one who has the good fortune to be able to balance her home and work, thanks to all the factors mentioned above, enjoys the stimulation that a job or career provides. She did, however, indicate that, when she made self-focused decisions, she deemed this to be selfish and not balanced in terms of her responsibilities as a mother. Footnotes Conflict of Interest: We declare no conflicts of interest, commercial or otherwise, in relation to the matter published in this article. Identified themes for Participant Five Family responsibilities as a priority: Work commitments are organised around her home responsibilities and only in exceptional circumstances does her work interfere with her responsibility as a mother. With the aid of cognitive mapping, individual themes for all the participants were identified through grouped constructs. If a mother is stressed, it becomes hard for her to keep her children happy, thereby creating an unfavourable impact on mother-child relationship. As a result they suffer at times from stress, fatigue and depression, but remain ashamed of their dependency needs and suffer in silence. Some of the points we must try to address include the following: a Does motherhood affect productivity at the workplace? Two of the participants had purposefully structured their work support systems to allow them to focus on their children during the day if required.

It is therefore of interest to know how these women balance their dual roles and to consider the effect that this may have on their well-being. This indeed requires an artful balancing act of these roles and it could be argued that a potential imbalance in either of these roles could lead to role conflict.

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Working Mothers: How Much Working, How Much Mothers, And Where Is The Womanhood?