Write a note on fanon idea of national culture and management

It is the revolutionary action that produces culture, not culture that produces revolution. For Fanon, this is too reactive of an approach.

The wretched of the earth chapter 2 summary

Analysis This chapter began as a lecture, which suggests its ability to stand on its own. Here, culture is used in order to fight for the future. A national culture is the whole body of efforts made by a people in the sphere of thought to describe, justify, and praise the action through which that people has created itself and keeps itself in existence. This group is described in Marxism as the poorest class; those who are outside of the system because they have so little. While at the beginning the native intellectual used to produce his work to be read exclusively by the oppressor, whether with the intention of charming him or of denouncing him… now the native writer takes on the habit of addressing his [her] own people… This may be properly called a literature of combat, in the sense that it calls on the whole people to fight for their existence as a nation… On another level, the oral tradition-stories, epics and songs of the people-which formerly were filed away as set pieces are now beginning to change. He wrote that Fanon's dedication to a national consciousness can be read as a "deeply troubling" demand for cultural homogeneity and the collapse of difference. In addition, new immigrants from Europe and freed slaves were needed both to work in the expanding industrial base and to consume its products. But colonialism changed everything. During the Mexican Revolution of , 35, U. His training as a psychiatrist is of special importance in the next chapter, on psychological disorders. Different references to the intellectual from earlier in the book are weaved together and brought into deeper analysis here. Young partially credits Fanon for inspiring an interest about the way the individual human experience and cultural identity are produced in postcolonial writing. As a result, African women were excluded from the new religious, political, and socioeconomic systems. In Chapter 1, Fanon writes: Self-criticism has been much talked about recently, but few realize that it was first of all an African institution.

The previous three chapters moved roughly chronologically, from colonialism to postcolonial nation-building, whereas this chapter and the next are more thematic.

Here, culture is used in order to fight for the future.

Fanon three stages

During the Mexican Revolution of , 35, U. It is the actual act of revolution and the ensuing struggle during which colonial culture becomes a target of resistance that culture begins to flourish again. But, for our purposes three should suffice: Colonialism and Christianity in Africa; Slave Revolts; and the Zapatistas. In addition, new immigrants from Europe and freed slaves were needed both to work in the expanding industrial base and to consume its products. The poem absorbs the rhythms of combat. New experiences which would have shaped cultural development are interrupted or totally stopped by the imposed hegemony of the colonizers. All of these military efforts have been buttressed with racist anti-immigrant laws. For instance, in the early s in Brazil, rebelling and escaping slaves established clearly demarcated liberation zones which they were able to defend against incursions by colonial troops. Indigenous culture both challenges colonial ideology and reasserts the identity of indigenous peoples. A national culture is the whole body of efforts made by a people in the sphere of thought to describe, justify, and praise the action through which that people has created itself and keeps itself in existence. He signed petitions favoring Israel.

To struggle for national liberation is to struggle for the terrain whereby a culture can grow, [2] since Fanon concludes a national culture cannot exist under conditions of colonial domination.

For Fanon, this is the perfect example of a decolonization movement which has been enfeebled by the tentativeness of its leaders. The Texas-Mexico border is now a heavily militarized zone featuring constant patrolling and checkpoints on all roads and highways.

the wretched of the earth epub

Within each theme—intellectuals here, psychology in the next chapter—Fanon moves across the colonial timeline in order to pick up trends throughout. The colonialist bourgeoisie offers non-violence and then compromise as further ways out of the violence of decolonization; these too are mechanisms to blunt and degrade the movement.

Write a note on fanon idea of national culture and management

In the third stage, this love for culture finally moves to a fight for liberation. The example of Algeria is significant in this context. This conception of decolonization is based on Fanon's construction of the colonial world. It is both a link to the past and a different way of thinking about the world. His father was a descendant of African slaves. As Fanon notes: The colonial situation calls a halt to national culture in almost every field … By the time a century or two has passed there comes about a veritable emaciation [starvation, or thinning out] of the stock of national culture. To struggle for national liberation is to struggle for the terrain whereby a culture can grow, [2] since Fanon concludes a national culture cannot exist under conditions of colonial domination. Rather, Fanon can see, from personal experience, a racialization of culture as something he himself was attracted to. Now, intellectuals more or less do the same thing, but instead say all of Africa is the source of good values, rather than bad ones. Young partially credits Fanon for inspiring an interest about the way the individual human experience and cultural identity are produced in postcolonial writing.

The Zapatistas have understood the importance of culture as a means to unite different social movements into a powerful resistance and as a means to raise awareness of and confidence in their revolt.

The time has come to build larger political unions, and consequently the old-fashioned nationalists should correct their mistakes. What changed all of that was European colonialism and its use of Christianity to create an oppressive patriarchal system of control.

What can the colonized do to assert or reclaim or newly produce culture after this kind of brainwashing? This conception of decolonization is based on Fanon's construction of the colonial world.

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Fanon on "National Culture"